“What injections do I need?” is one of the first questions that come to mind when a person prepares for his or her trip. You should make an appointment with your healthcare provider or travel medical professional to get advice on what types of shots you have and will need. Here are some recommendations:
Tetanus / Diphtheria / Measles
Chances are you already have this shot. However, you should check to see if you need to update. Usually, boosters to prevent these diseases are given every 10 years whether you travel or not. Most are offered free of charge or included in your insurance plan. In Vietnam, against tetanus; Diphtheria and measles vaccinations are required for infants and there is little chance of a pandemic.
Caused by Salmonella typhi, typhoid often leads to fever, headache, and abdominal pain or more severe symptoms. Typhoid vaccination can be given by mouth or by injection, each with special caution for pregnant women or young children. The best way to prevent typhoid fever is to pay attention to what you eat and drink while traveling, these are two common routes of disease transmission.
You may be advised to be vaccinated against rabies with 3 doses within 30 days. Unless your insurance covers it all, don’t worry because this shot is incredibly expensive. Contact with dogs running on the streets can be easily avoided (and dogs are extremely rare in tourist areas).
Japanese encephalitis is a viral brain infection with a high incidence in young children or the elderly. Vietnam is located in an infectious zone and the disease is transmitted by mosquitoes in unclean wet conditions (such as rice fields or barns in rural areas).