The General Statistics Office said that in 63 provinces and cities of the country, people in Dong Nai and Ho Chi Minh City have a high average life expectancy in the period 2016-2020 with 76.5 years.
“In general, the average life expectancy of localities has increased gradually over the years. 56 localities have a higher life expectancy from birth in 2020 than in 2016; only 3 localities have remained unchanged and 4 localities have decreased”, the General Statistics Office stated in the report on the human development index, published on March 31.
People in Ho Chi Minh City have the highest health index
Accordingly, the localities where the average life expectancy at birth has remained unchanged or decreased, mainly due to strong fluctuations in population structure in the area, which is evident in the high rates of in-migration and out-migration in 2016-2020.
Notably, most localities with increased life expectancy with the highest rate in recent years are localities with low life expectancy, living in mountainous and highland areas.
Due to the increase in life expectancy at birth, the health indexes of all localities are quite high. In 2020, people in Ho Chi Minh City and Ba Ria – Vung Tau have the highest health index in the country. While local people with low health index are mostly concentrated in the Northern Midlands and Mountains, North Central Coast and Central Coast, Central Highlands.
Regarding the education index, the General Statistics Office points out that this is calculated based on the average number of years of schooling and the expected number of years of schooling. In general, these two indicators in most localities maintain the increase.
The localities with the average number of years of schooling and the expected number of years of schooling are high, mainly in the Red River Delta and some localities in the Southeast, North Central, and Central Coast.
Most localities in the Central Highlands, Mekong River Delta, Northern Midlands and Mountains have average years of schooling and expected years of schooling, although increasing over the years, but still at a low level.
The localities with low education index are concentrated in mountainous, remote and border areas; reflects inequalities in access to education services that have not improved. Education index in 2016 of Hanoi is 1.79 times higher than Lai Chau and 1.63 times higher than Ha Giang. By 2020, these rates will still be high, at 1.74 times and 1.57 times, respectively.
Need solutions to enhance health and education services
At the report, the General Statistics Office also announced the income index of localities across the country. This index is calculated based on gross domestic product (GRDP) per capita in USD – PPP. Calculation results show that the GRDP per capita in 2020 of all localities has increased compared to 2016.
Specifically, the GRDP per capita in 2020 of some localities has increased at a high rate, more than 1.5 times higher than in 2016 including Hai Phong, Ninh Thuan, Thanh Hoa, Quang Ninh, and Lao Cai.
Meanwhile, the trend of increasing GRDP per capita in some localities shows signs of slowing down with an annual increase of no more than 6%, including Ba Ria – Vung Tau, Da Nang, Binh Duong.
The obtained results also show that the gap between localities with high level of income index and localities with low income index is quite large.
However, the General Statistics Office said that since the GRDP per capita conversion of the locality is calculated on the basis of the GRDP conversion with the same coefficient, does not exclude the difference in net income of permanent workers and income owned from outside.
Therefore, localities with large investment from other localities in the country or from abroad often have a higher income index than other localities, the comparability between localities is limited.
According to the General Statistics Office, in the period 2016-2020, Vietnam’s human development index (HDI) has only reached the average level of the region, ranking 7th out of 11 Southeast Asian countries.
The HDI report is a general measure that comprehensively assesses the country’s socio-economic development results. Therefore, HDI must be identified as one of the key indicators in the socio-economic development strategies and plans of the whole country as well as of each locality.
At the same time, the indicators show the need for a synchronous solution system and effective implementation; especially solutions to enhance health and education services because these fields are directly related to human development.
In health, it is necessary to focus on improving capacity in preventive medicine, primary health care and family health care. In education, it is necessary to quickly overcome the current situation that the expected number of years of schooling is low and increasing slowly.
As for the economic sector, although it has been controlled, inflation in Vietnam’s economy is still high; there needs to be a macro solution to stabilize the value of the domestic currency.
@ Zing News