Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

Mong Phu Communal House: Distinctive architecture of Vietnam’s Northern Delta
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Positioned within the historic village advanced of Duong Lam in Son Tay City, about 50km West of Hanoi’s centre, Mong Phu Communal Home was constructed on a 1,800sq.m floor at a outstanding spot of the village within the Later Le Dynasty (1533–1789), underneath King Le Than Tong’s reign, based on Son Tay authority.

, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

Positioned within the historic village advanced of Duong Lam in Son Tay City, about 50km West of Hanoi’s centre, Mong Phu Communal Home was constructed on a 1,800sq.m floor at a outstanding spot of the village within the Later Le Dynasty (1533–1789), underneath King Le Than Tong’s reign, based on Son Tay authority. It represents a sometimes conventional architectural work within the Northern Delta up to now. It’s devoted to tutelary god Tan Vien – one of many “4 Immortals” within the Vietnamese mythology – who was additionally the god of the Ba Vi mountain vary. In 1859, underneath King Tu Duc’s reign (Nguyen Dynasty), the communal home was expanded and stored the structure intact since then. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

The communal home options the distinctive architectural type within the Northern Delta of Vietnam with “Nghi Mon” (predominant gate), a communal courtyard, two buildings – “Ta Mac” and “Huu Mac” – on either side and “Dai Dinh” (predominant chamber) within the center. The principle gate consists of 4 pillars product of bricks, embellished with the engravings of 4 sacred legendary creatures in Vietnamese tradition – dragon, kylin, phoenix and tortoise – and parallel sentences in previous Chinese language characters. On­­ the highest of the 2 greater pillars lie two small lion statues whereas on that of the smaller ones are the 2 figures of flower vase. 

In 1859, underneath King Tu Duc’s reign, the villagers added a brand new constructing linked to the Mong Phu Communal Home by a tube-shaped construction. The unique small communal home was become the Rear Sanctuary, thus changing into one of many largest rear sanctuaries on this area, based on a communal home keeper. The previous communal home is devoted to tutelary god Tan Vien – one of many “4 Immortals” in Vietnamese mythology – who was additionally the god of the Ba Vi mountain vary. Its pageant additionally honours nationwide hero Phung Hung. Over the successive dynasties, the Mong Phu Communal Home was granted 17 royal certificates of honour. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

In entrance of the communal home stands the Council Corridor, an instance of structure from the French colonial interval, which has been stored comparatively intact, including magnificence to the native panorama, based on a communal home keeper. There may be additionally a particular construction situated in isolation on the best aspect of the communal home’s predominant gate. Known as Xich Hau Home, it’s a small however refined constructing composed of three predominant compartments and two small auxiliary compartments. Within the previous instances, younger village women would come to this home to conduct a ceremony on their wedding ceremony day, which had by no means occurred in different communal homes. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

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, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

Mong Phu Communal Home represents a sometimes conventional architectural work within the Northern Delta up to now, and sometimes hosts social gatherings, festivities and conferences within the native space. In 1859, underneath King Tu Duc’s reign, villagers added a brand new constructing linked to the Mong Phu Communal Home by a tube-shape construction. The unique small communal home was become the Rear Sanctuary, thus changing into one of many largest rear sanctuaries on this area. The Rear Sanctuary homes the primary shrine to Tan Vien and is used as a spot of worship. As it’s sacred house of a extra native selection than Buddhist temples, the Rear Sanctuary is mostly not open to guests from exterior the village. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

The previous communal home is devoted to tutelary god Tan Vien, one of many “4 Immortals” in Vietnamese mythology who was additionally the god of the Ba Vi mountain vary, however its pageant additionally honours nationwide hero Phung Hung. The home options the distinctive architectural type within the Northern Delta of Vietnam with “Nghi Mon” (predominant gate), a communal courtyard, two buildings – “Ta Mac” and “Huu Mạc” – on either side and “Dai Dinh” (predominant chamber) within the center. The principle gate consists of 4 pillars product of bricks, embellished with the engravings of 4 sacred legendary creatures in Vietnamese tradition – dragon, kylin, phoenix and tortoise – and parallel sentences in previous Chinese language characters. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

Ha Van Duc, a communal home keeper, tells tales about the home’s hundred-year-old stone and bronze lithophones which can’t be seen in every other communal homes in Vietnam. The lithophones are positioned within the two ancillary buildings – Ta Mac and Huu Mac. The communal home additionally contains “Nghi Mon” (predominant gate), a communal courtyard and “Dai Dinh” (predominant chamber) within the center. The principle gate consists of 4 pillars product of bricks, embellished with the engravings of “tu linh” – 4 sacred legendary creatures in Vietnamese tradition, specifically dragon, kylin, phoenix and tortoise – and parallel sentences in previous Chinese language characters. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

Of appreciable curiosity in the primary chamber are the multifarious carvings on beams supporting the roof. They depict all kinds of leaves, fish, birds, dragons, and legendary creatures. All carvings are situated excessive overhead as the specter of frequent flooding required them to be positioned excessive sufficient to keep away from repeated cycles of damp and dry that shortly damages woodwork. Whereas usually unpainted, the carvings are in wonderful situation and exhibit a excessive customary of workmanship. In entrance of the primary chamber, and flanking either side of a typical courtyard, are two ancillary buildings – Ta Mac and Huu Mac – which are used as extra gathering areas for villagers. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

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, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

The roof cravings depict all kinds of leaves, fish, birds, dragons, and legendary creatures. They’re situated excessive overhead as the specter of frequent flooding required them to be positioned excessive sufficient to keep away from repeated cycles of damp and dry that shortly damages woodwork. Whereas usually unpainted, the carvings are in wonderful situation and exhibit a excessive customary of workmanship. Mong Phu Communal Home was constructed within the Later Le Dynasty (1533 – 1789), underneath the reign of King Le Than Tong, based on the authority of Son Tay. It sometimes hosts social gatherings, festivities and conferences within the native space. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

Constructed within the Later Le Dynasty (1533 – 1789), underneath the reign of King Le Than Tong, the Mong Phu Communal Home is situated within the historic village advanced of Duong Lam in Son Tay City, about 50km West of Hanoi’s centre. Duong Lam Village is claimed to be a residing museum, vibrating within the current at the same time as time appears to have stopped centuries in the past. The village stands between the Purple River and the Tich River on the outer fringe of the northern delta. Its terrain goes up and down rows of hills on the foot of Ba Vi Mountain, and it appears to mix seamlessly into a fantastic panorama of rivers and mountains. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

Duong Lam is dubbed as one of many oldest villages in Vietnam with a historical past that’s stated thus far again greater than 1,200 years. It was additionally the primary village recognised as a nationwide historic and cultural relic in 2005. Many of the village’s conventional options survived the ravages of battle, and lots of of its pagodas, communal halls, streets and timber give the place an authenticity that’s in all probability unmatched elsewhere. The previous Duong Lam Village is known for its houses product of laterite, a kind of crimson soil. Most of those homes have their very own courtyards surrounded by a laterite wall. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

Archaeological proof together with artifacts, previous languages, structure and artwork from across the foothills of Ba Vi Mountain proves the lengthy historical past of Duong Lam, and that the traditional Viet individuals had lived right here from the time of the Son Vi Civilisation by succeeding ones – Phung Nguyen (2000-1500 BC), Dong Dau (1500–1000 BC), Go Mun (1000–600 BC), and Dong Son (700 BC–AD 100). In 1972, Vietnamese archaeologists unearthed many relics at Mound Ma Dong in Duong Lam Village: axes, tables, wedges, pestles and ceramic ornamental objects of all patterns. Bronze drums, jars, ploughshare and axes from Dong Son Civilisation have been discovered aplenty alongside the Tich and Day rivers. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

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, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

Duong Lam is known as the Land of Two Kings: Phung Hung and Ngo Quyen. Based on historic information, Phung Hung (761-802), well-known for launching an rebellion towards northern overseas invaders to win autonomy for the nation, was born in Duong Lam. When he died, individuals confirmed their deep gratitude to him and praised him as “The Nice Father King”. Ngo Quyen (896-944), descendant of a notable tribe in Duong Lam, defeated the Southern Han troops on the Bach Dang River in 938 and proclaimed himself the king, establishing his capital in Co Loa. Historians deal with this time limit as the purpose of liberation from Chinese language domination. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

Duong Lam Village is claimed to be a residing museum, vibrating within the current at the same time as time appears to have stopped centuries in the past. Additionally it is the birthplace of many different outstanding cultural and historic personalities. Confucian scholar Giang Van Minh (1573–1638) grew to become a diplomat martyr after he was despatched as an envoy to the Chinese language Ming court docket in the course of the reign of King Le Than Tong in 1637. For asserting the nation’s independence, he was killed. One other Confucian scholar and educator, Kieu Oanh Mau (1854-1912), a district governor, an academic inspector and instructor of the well-known Dong Kinh Nghia Thuc College, was additionally a local of Duong Lam. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

The 1,800sq.m Mong Phu Communal Home is a outstanding spot in Duong Lam’s panorama. It’s situated the place there aren’t any rivulets, ponds or rivers, so the villagers dug two wells as substitutes. They’re believed to be the eyes of a dragon. The water from one nicely is obvious whereas water from the opposite is barely turbid. The previous communal home sometimes hosts social gatherings, festivities and conferences within the native space. Additionally it is devoted to tutelary god Tan Vien – one of many “4 Immortals” in Vietnamese mythology – who was additionally the god of the Ba Vi mountain vary. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

, Mong Phu Communal Home: Distinctive structure of Vietnam’s Northern Delta

Duong Lam was the primary village recognised as a nationwide historic and cultural relic in 2005. Many of the village’s conventional options survived the ravages of battle, and lots of of its pagodas, communal halls, streets and timber give the place an authenticity that’s in all probability unmatched elsewhere. The previous Duong Lam Village is known for its houses product of laterite, a kind of crimson soil. Most of those homes have their very own courtyards surrounded by a laterite wall. In 1972, Vietnamese archaeologists unearthed many relics at Mound Ma Dong in Duong Lam Village: axes, tables, wedges, pestles and ceramic ornamental objects of all patterns. (Photograph: VietnamPlus)

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