Common diseases and how to prevent them
Diarrhea: Diarrhea sounds bad and it really is. Diarrhea is especially worrisome during the summer – the ideal weather for viral infections.
How to prevent it: It’s best to avoid eating lettuce, cucumbers, and other undercooked vegetables for the first few days of arrival. If you can’t live without them, buy vegetables from organic stores or wash them yourself. Street food is good and a cultural experience, but knowing your stomach limits is more important.
Cure: In mild cases, let it go away on its own or treat with Pepto-Bismol. Drink at least 6 glasses of fluids to replace lost fluids. Avoid soda and caffeinated beverages. Warm soup and tea can be alternatives. You can also seek help from English-speaking pharmacists, often found near tourist areas. If you have persistent diarrhea, fever, vomiting or abdominal pain for longer than 24 hours, you may have a serious bacterial infection and you are better off seeking help from a clinic or hospital.
H5N1, H1N1: Vietnam has succeeded in controlling most flu outbreaks, including the infamous H1N1 and H5N1 flu. However, it is never superfluous to take common sense measures to prevent yourself from getting sick.
How to avoid it: Avoid places with hygiene problems, or places where people can sneeze into your neck.
Cure: Avoid spreading the disease to those around and get to a health care center as soon as possible.